Extending Cut Dahlia Vase Life

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Cut dahlias are perennially popular with growers and consumers because of their stunning beauty, and amazingly diverse colors, shapes, and sizes. Unfortunately, they also typically have a short vase life. We wondered if treating cut dahlias with plant growth regulators (PGRs) would increase vase life as with other flowers treated with cytokinin (iris, petunia, and wintersweet) or gibberellic acid (daffodil, lantern lily, and rose). We pulsed dahlia stems with benzyladenine (BA, a cytokinin), gibberellic acid (GA4+7), or both at the same time before observing flower quality and vase life.

We used flowers from two sources: 1) Three cultivars (‘Karma Amora’, ‘Karma Prospero’, ‘Nathalie G.’) dry packed and shipped from a commercial grower in Virginia (received 48 hours post cut, Fig. 1) and 2) Mixed cultivars held continuously in water from three ASCFG farmers close to NC State University (received 36 hours post cut, Fig. 2). We delivered PGRs to stems by recutting and placing them into the treatment solutions (Table 1) and holding them at 40±2 °F for 24 hours. Two control treatments were applied in the Ben A. Bergmann, Iftikhar Ahmad, John M. Dole North Carolina State University same way: tap water or Chrysal BVB. Post pulse treatment stems were recut and placed individually into jars in tap water for observation in conditions that mimic a typical home (70±2 °F under 200 footcandles of fluorescent light for 12 hours per day at 40-60% relative humidity).

Several PGR pulse treatments improved flower quality after 4 days in vase and extended vase life for both dry- and wet-handled flowers compared to tap water (Table 1). The combination of 20 ppm each of BA and GA resulted in the same or better flower quality after 4 days and the same or longer vase life than either PGR used alone at 20 ppm. The maximum benefit of the combined PGRs was achieved at a lower concentration for dry-handled flowers than for wet-handled flowers, perhaps because they took up more solution during the pulse treatment. Flowers pulsed with 2 ml/liter Chrysal BVB did not perform as well as the better BA/GA combinations.

Written by: Ben A. Bergmann, Iftikhar Ahmad, John M. Dole, North Carolina State University

Published by: The Cut Flowers Quarterly, Vol 31, No 1

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